The Ayodhya Ram Mandir, also known as the Ram Janmabhoomi Temple, is a Hindu temple located in the city of Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh, India. It holds significant religious and cultural importance for Hindus, as it is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Rama, one of the most revered figures in Hinduism.

The history of the site is complex and has been the subject of controversy and legal disputes for decades. The dispute centered around a structure known as the Babri Masjid, which was built in the 16th century by Mughal emperor Babur on the site where Hindus believe Lord Rama was born. In 1992, the Babri Masjid was demolished by Hindu nationalists, leading to communal riots across India.

Following years of legal battles, in November 2019, the Supreme Court of India delivered a landmark verdict in the Ayodhya land dispute case. The court ruled that the disputed land should be handed over to a trust to build a Hindu temple, while also directing the government to provide an alternative five-acre plot in Ayodhya for the construction of a mosque.

Subsequently, the construction of the Ram Mandir began, with the foundation stone laid in August 2020 in a grand ceremony attended by various dignitaries including Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The temple's construction is expected to be completed in several phases, with the main structure resembling traditional Indian temple architecture, featuring intricate carvings and sculptures.

The Ram Mandir project has garnered widespread attention and has been seen as a significant moment in India's cultural and political landscape. It represents the fulfillment of a long-standing demand by Hindu groups to reclaim the site and build a temple dedicated to Lord Rama. However, the project has also been criticized by some for exacerbating communal tensions and neglecting the rights of religious minorities.